A Life of Mary WollstonecraftBook - 2005
A portrait of the author of The Vindication of the Rights of Women traces her pivotal contributions to the founding of feminism, exploring her relationships with three different men and the influence of her ideas on subsequent generations. 20,000 first printing.
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) was the founder of modern feminism -- in her time,the most famous woman in Europe and America. In this exciting new biography, Lyndall Gordon proposes that at each stage of a passionate and courageous life -- as teacher, writer, lover, and traveler -- Mary Woll-stonecraft was an original. She had advanced ideas on education, and her views on single motherhood, family responsibilities, working life, domestic affections, friendships, and sexual relationships now look astonishingly modern. She tested new ways a man and a woman might come to know each other and live together. "Imagination must lead the senses, not the senses the imagination," she told her American lover, Gilbert Imlay, and repeated to her husband, William Godwin.
Vindication is the first biography to show this remarkable woman at full strength and bring out the range as well as the reverberations of her genius in the following and subsequent generations. Here is the drama of Wollstonecraft's life as a governess in an aristocratic family in Ireland, as an independent writer in London, as an on-the-scene observer of the French Revolution, and as a daring traveler to Scandinavia on the trail of an unsolved crime. Although she died young, her spirit and unconventional ideas lived on in the lives of her daughter, Mary Shelley, and three other heirs who had to contend with a counter-revolutionary age. Vindication offers new evidence for the influence of early American political thought in England and demonstrates for the first time the profound effect of Mary Wollstonecraft's own writing, especially her Vindication of the Rights of Woman, on American figures of the day, among them John and Abigail Adams. This groundbreaking biography follows the colorful wheelings and dealings of young American adventurers like Joel Barlowand the elusive frontiersman Imlay, who sought their fortunes amid the tumultuous events of late-eighteenth-century Europe and whose clandestine service to the fledglingAmerican government is newly explored.
This is a brilliantly told story, moving on from the issue of rights to larger questions that still lie beyond us: What is woman's nature? What will she contribute to civilization? Lyndall Gordon mounts a spirited defense of Mary Wollstonecraft, whose previous biographers have often doubted her integrity, her stability, and the exhilarating experiment that was her life. Vindication probes these doubts, measures Wollstonecraft's life against her own strengths instead of the weakness that sometimes held her back, and reinterprets her for the twenty-first century.
Wollstonecraft's bolt of lightening, her Vindication of the Rights of Women, came fairly early in her short life. She lived the rest of it much as she saw fit, whether by supporting herself as a writer, sharing life with the artist Imlay, observing the beginnings of the first French republic first-hand, or marrying the hitherto unmarriageable Godwin. However, we know all this. Gordon (literature, Oxford U.) goes beneath and beyond the obvious and finds that Wollstonecraft was not being shocking for its own sake, but instead operated from an innate and strong integrity and true curiosity about what, exactly, are women, and what, exactly, are they to do. She finds interesting connections between Wollstonecraft and the American revolutionaries and a panoply of writers asking the same questions about womanhood as did Wollstonecraft. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)