"What Shall We Do With the Negro?"

"What Shall We Do With the Negro?"

Lincoln, White Racism, and Civil War America

Book - 2009
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Univ of Virginia

Throughout the Civil War, newspaper headlines and stories repeatedly asked some variation of the question posed by the New York Times in 1862, "What shall we do with the negro?" The future status of African Americans was a pressing issue for those in both the North and in the South. Consulting a broad range of contemporary newspapers, magazines, books, army records, government documents, publications of citizens’ organizations, letters, diaries, and other sources, Paul D. Escott examines the attitudes and actions of Northerners and Southerners regarding the future of African Americans after the end of slavery. "What Shall We Do with the Negro?" demonstrates how historians together with our larger national popular culture have wrenched the history of this period from its context in order to portray key figures as heroes or exemplars of national virtue.

Escott gives especial critical attention to Abraham Lincoln. Since the civil rights movement, many popular books have treated Lincoln as an icon, a mythical leader with thoroughly modern views on all aspects of race. But, focusing on Lincoln’s policies rather than attempting to divine Lincoln’s intentions from his often ambiguous or cryptic statements, Escott reveals a president who placed a higher priority on reunion than on emancipation, who showed an enduring respect for states’ rights, who assumed that the social status of African Americans would change very slowly in freedom, and who offered major incentives to white Southerners at the expense of the interests of blacks.Escott’s approach reveals the depth of slavery’s influence on society and the pervasiveness of assumptions of white supremacy. "What Shall We Do with the Negro?" serves as a corrective in offering a more realistic, more nuanced, and less celebratory approach to understanding this crucial period in American history.

Baker & Taylor
Examines post-Civil War attitudes about the future of African Americans after slavery, noting that unification was a higher priority for Lincoln than emancipation, and compares Southern and Northern public opinion and media coverage.

Book News
Escott (history, Wake Forest U.) uses newspapers, magazines, books, Army records and government documents from the Civil War era to examine attitudes about "the future of African-Americans after the end of slavery." The author pays special attention to the policies of Abraham Lincoln, noting that unification was a much higher priority that emancipation despite popular belief. This book, written for historians as well as general audiences, focuses on the evolution of actual wartime and racial policies during the Civil War and compares Southern and Northern public opinion and media coverage. Annotation ©2009 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Publisher: Charlottesville : University of Virginia Press, 2009
ISBN: 9780813927862
Branch Call Number: 973.7092 LINCO ESCOT
Characteristics: xviii, 304 pages, 10 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm


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Apr 21, 2015

“What shall we do with the Negro?” For Southerners, they wanted to have the Negros remain slaves. They argued that the Bible proclaimed Negroes an inferior race and that if slaves were freed, God would command them to exterminate all Negroes to prevent them from mixing the races. Whites in the north were not that much better. After the Civil War, the Connecticut, Wisconsin, and Minnesota voted against the right of Negroes to vote. Republicans and Democrats believed that racist proclamations were the best political move to win elections. Example - St Paul Minnesota Pioneer newspaper said, (N = the N-Word), “If you wish to have N in your schools, N at the polls, N in the jury, N gallanting your white girls, N holding office, N miscegenating, N TILL YOU CAN’T REST – vote Republican. “ Not a pretty story for White people of today to face. Lincoln knew Whites were so racist that Negroes could never be considered equal ever or until many generations had passed. Guess what? He was right as Whites have fought mightily against equality for another150 years.


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